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Subject: Net Split - Overcoming the limits of the restricted mode
This text describes a possible expansion of the current Npv7 protocol. It will be included in the final documentation, so feel free to correct it. But if you want to change the system here described, please contact us first.
Net Split is a method which gives Netsukuku the ability to use all the IP addresses available for a specific Internet Protocol while being compatible with it.
In other words, Netsukuku can use all the ipv4 addresses while avoiding any IP conflict with the Internet.
With the implementation of Net Split, the restricted mode and the NTK_RFC 008 ( http://lab.dyne.org/Ntk_restricted_ip_classes ) become obsolete.
Inet and Ntk mode
The Ntkd daemon can be executed in Inet or in Ntk mode. The modality specifies which IPs will have the highest priority.
In Inet mode, an IP or a hostname will always point to Internet addresses, while in Ntk mode they will point to Netsukuku nodes.
The .NTK and .INT suffixes can be used, in any modality, to specify the scope of an IP or hostname. The suffixes are case insensitive.
Every IP or hostname with a .NTK suffix will always point to Netsukuku nodes, while the .INT will point to Internet addresses.
Routing tables and rules
All the routes created by Netsukuku are stored in the NTK routing table. The Internet routes are kept in the INET routing table.
In Inet mode the `main' routing table corresponds to INET while in Ntk mode to NTK.
A rule in the routing policy database selects the non-`main' routing table for all the packets marked by netfilter with NETSPLIT_MARK.
NETSPLIT_MARK="0x27" In Inet mode: # ip rule add fwmark $NETSPLIT_MARK table INET In Ntk mode: # ip rule add fwmark $NETSPLIT_MARK table NTK
ANDNS the splitter
ANDNS is the ANDNA wrapper which receives and resolves any hostname resolution query.
Since an IP or a hostname with a suffix is just another hostname, ANDNS will receive all their resolution query, but instead of returning their real IP, it will return a random IP chosen from the 127.0.0.0/8 class. Afterwards, ANDNS will set up a netfilter rule which converts the 127.x.x.x IP to the original one. In this way, the packets are redirected to the desired routing table.
Let's examine step by step the process.
Assume to be in Ntk mode.
- A client wants to estabilish a connection to google.com.int (or to 18.104.22.168.int).
- ANDNS receives the resolution query of 22.214.171.124.int.
It chooses the 127.1.2.3 random ip and adds "126.96.36.199 -> 127.1.2.3" in its association table
- It then instructs netfilter to set to 188.8.131.52 the destination of all the packets which have been sent to 127.1.2.3 and to mark them with NETSPLIT_MARK. Moreover, netfilter has to change the source address of all the packets sent by 184.108.40.206 to 127.1.2.3.
- At this point ANDNS returns the 127.1.2.3 ip to the client.
- The client creates a connection to 127.1.2.3, but actually this ip corresponds to 220.127.116.11.
- When the connection is closed, ANDNS waits 300 seconds and then deletes the 127.1.2.3 ip from the association table and from the netfilter rules set.
Netsukuku private classes
The private classes reserved inside Netsukuku are 192.168.0.0/16 and "172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255".
The 10.0.0.0/8 class IS NOT private since it is too big. Using it as a private class would be just a waste of IP addresses.
The routes of the private classes are stored in the `main' routing table.