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''this came from'' [[https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCDCustomization|Ubuntu Live CD Customization]]
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=== Description ===

Fetch your favorite iso, in the following examples we will take puredyne-911-carrot_and_coriander iso to show that this procedures can apply to a lot of different isos/systems.

The basic procedure is simple:

 * mount the ISO image in loop mode;
 * copy the content of the image in a directory, except for the main squashfs filesystem (on ubuntu and debian: filesystem.squash; on dynebolic: dyne.sys);
 * unsquash the squashfs image file into another directory;
 * Add resolv.conf and hosts in /etc by hand or copying from your system;
 * mount the dev,proc and sys filesystems into the uncompressed directory;
 * do some minor stuff for having the system ready for your tweaks.

=== Requirements ===

You need the squashfs-tools.

apt-get install squashfs-tools

=== HOWTO ===


# we choose pd/ as our working directory, so...

mkdir pd
cd pd

sudo mount puredyne.iso /mnt -o loop
mkdir extract-cd
rsync --exclude=/live/filesystem.squashfs -a /mnt/ extract-cd
# for d:b: rsync --exclude=/dyne/dyne.sys -a /mnt extract-cd/

sudo unsquashfs /mnt/live/filesystem.squashfs
# for d:b: sudo unsquashfs /mnt/dyne/dyne.sys

sudo mv squashfs-root edit

# use resolv.conf and hosts from your system, or edit them by hand...
sudo cp /etc/resolv.conf edit/etc/
sudo cp /etc/hosts edit/etc/

# if you are into your pd/ directory with the system extracted as above,
# just cut'n paste from here to start working on the system.

sudo mount --bind /dev/ edit/dev
sudo chroot edit

mount -t proc none /proc
mount -t sysfs none /sys
mount -t devpts none /dev/pts

# To avoid locale problems during installation of new packages, you need to export 2 system variables:

export HOME=/root
export LC_ALL=C

# You also need to do this as root (that's for some reasons connected with a couple of dbus bugs).
# If you are re-chrooting to a system you're working on, don't mind about warnings or errors.

dbus-uuidgen > /var/lib/dbus/machine-id
dpkg-divert --local --rename --add /sbin/initctl
ln -s /bin/true /sbin/initctl


That's all folks! ;)

=== Suggestions ===

When you want to remove packages remember to use purge
I investigated a bit the matter, not enough to know whats going on but enough to know is a good practice.

Once in the chroot start poking:


# refresh your list
apt-get update

# some must have
apt-get install htop modconf

# some multimedia
apt-get install cinelerra sox twolame mpeg2dec a52dec libsox-fmt-all a52dec darkice darksnow


=== rsync to carry the pack for working out of home ===

rsync --exclude=/edit/dev --exclude=/edit/proc --exclude=/edit/sys -auvz /home/youruser/wherever/src/pd/ /media/usbdisk/pd/

In this way you rsync your pd/ working directory on a same pd/ dir on your usb key, so you can work everywhere on your eeepc. ;)

=== Closing ===


aptitude clean
rm -rf /tmp/* ~/.bash_history
rm /etc/resolv.conf
rm /var/lib/dbus/machine-id
rm /sbin/initctl
dpkg-divert --rename --remove /sbin/initctl
dpkg -l > packages.txt
umount /proc
umount /sys
umount /dev/pts
sudo umount edit/dev
sudo mv edit/packages.txt extract-cd/live/


=== Creating the ISO ===

==== Regenerate the manifest ====

Into the pd dir:

# creiamo il file
sudo touch extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest
sudo chmod a+w extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest
sudo chroot edit dpkg-query -W --showformat='${Package} ${Version}\n' > extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest
sudo cp extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest-desktop
sudo sed -i '/ubiquity/d' extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest-desktop
sudo sed -i '/live/d' extract-cd/live/filesystem.manifest-desktop


==== Compress the filesystem ====

# cancelliamo il vecchio squashfs eventualmente in mezzo alle palle
sudo rm extract-cd/live/filesystem.squashfs

# creiamo il nuovo squashfs. La pagina Debian live parla di una opzione -nolzma da mettere
# alla fine, che pero' NON ESISTE:
# https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCDCustomization
# Note: The -nolzma option is only available from Hardy , and was removed in Karmic.
# Also, the squashfs has to be generated using a version of mksquashfs that is compatible
# with the kernel used on the CD you are customizing. For example, you cannot generate
# a jaunty squashfs on karmic, as the jaunty kernel is not able to mount a squashfs
# prepared using mksquashfs from karmic. O_o

sudo mksquashfs edit extract-cd/live/filesystem.squashfs


==== Set an image name in extract-cd/README.diskdefines ====

maybe is unuseful?


sudo joe extract-cd/README.diskdefines


(you can use "sudo vim extract-cd/README.diskdefines" if you have difficulties understanding joe. AHHAHAHAH)

==== MD5sum ====

Remove old md5sum.txt and calculate new md5 sums


cd extract-cd
sudo rm md5sum.txt
find -type f -print0 | sudo xargs -0 md5sum | grep -v isolinux/boot.cat | sudo tee md5sum.txt




sudo mkisofs -D -r -V "dyneIIIBeta" -cache-inodes -J -l -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -o ../dyneIIIbeta.iso .



=== Tasks to do ===

 * install all multilanguage documentation for programs and track they're directory if we can squash them or zip, inkscape,gimp,OOffice, some copies maybe from FOSS manuals?
 * remove unused themes
 * install some more open fonts
 * install some edubuntu software(find out which)
 * clean up desktop
 * boot and test the video software

<fruity> "aggiungere voce in syslinux menu per modo persistente"
<fruity> basta aprire syslinux.cfg o isolinux.cfg
<fruity> fare copia incolla della voce che hanno li gia
<fruity> editare il titolo e metterci "Persisten mode"
<fruity> e addare persistent a APPEND
<fruity> sai dove metti le opzioni del kernel
<fruity> tipo root= splash quiet
<fruity> va alla fine di quelle robe li

=== Done ===

 * Remove all useless documentation from /usr/share/doc
 * Installed Openoffice suite
 * Installed Scribus

 * English, Italian, Portoguese, French, Swahili and Afrikaans not installed: WE HAVE TO WAIT FOR LANGUAGES DEFINITION FROM THE COMMITTENT.
  openoffice.org-help-en-gb openoffice.org-help-en-us openoffice.org-help-fr openoffice.org-help-it openoffice.org-help-pt
  openoffice.org-l10n-af openoffice.org-l10n-common{a} openoffice.org-l10n-en-gb openoffice.org-l10n-en-za openoffice.org-l10n-fr
  openoffice.org-l10n-it openoffice.org-l10n-pt openoffice.org-l10n-sw
0 packages upgraded, 13 newly installed, 0 to remove and 35 not upgraded.
Need to get 67.7MB/68.0MB of archives. After unpacking 234MB will be used.

=== Appunti ===

==== Menu di xfce4 ====

asbesto@gemini:/home/asbesto/Desktop/src/pd/edit/etc/skel/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xml$ ls
accessibility.xml xfce4-desktop.xml xfce4-power-manager.xml xfce4-settings-manager.xml xsettings.xml
keyboards.xml xfce4-keyboard-shortcuts.xml xfce4-session.xml xfwm4.xml

==== Sfondi desktop, icone, grafica ====

I backgrounds della pd stanno dentro '''/usr/share/xfce4/backdrops'''.

Per una questione di hierarchy sposterei gli sfondi che non sono default di xfce4 su una dir tipo '''/usr/local/share/xfce4/backgrounds''' sistemando opportunamente i file di config. Vedremo...

 * C'e' una icona pd dentro '''/etc/skel/.icons''', finisce dentro /home/lintian (viene creata la home al boot). SISTEMATA

 * La dir. '''/usr/share/dyne''' della db, contenente varie cose, e' stata messa dentro '''/usr/local/share/dyne''' della pd.

 * Splash screen: si trova in nella sezione extract-cd del kit di sviluppo, quindi fuori da edit/ : nel mio caso sta dentro '''/home/asbesto/Desktop/src/pd/extract-cd/isolinux''' e si chiama ovviamente splash.png, 640x480. SISTEMATO, VEDIAMO SE VA. CI SONO ANCHE ALTRI SFONDI DA PROVARE LI DENTRO.


 * Desktop background: lo si configura nella dir '''/edit/etc/skel/.config/xfce4/xfconf/xfce-perchannel-xls/''' editando i file '''xfce4-desktop.xml''' e '''xfce4-session.xml'''. FATTO
 * C'e' una icona da sistemare qui: '''/etc/skel/.config/xfce4/panel/xfce4-menu-5.xml'''. FATTO

==== Varie ====

 * Sistemati gli help del boot, dentro '''/home/asbesto/Desktop/src/pd/extract-cd/isolinux", ci sono vari testi li' dentro. FATTI ma da verificare bene.

Please read DynebolicCreate to reach this document ;)

Remaster your own live installer, live iso

Please read DynebolicCreate to reach this document ;)

fruity/debian-live/remastering (last edited 2010-07-16 21:43:41 by asbesto)